Meet Malcolm X
Malcolm X or also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, was an American Black Muslim minister and a spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm has been widely considered the second most influential leader of the movement. He opened additional temples and is credited with substantially increasing membership. Malcolm X advocated political and economic black nationalism, as opposed to the Nation of Islam's religious nationalism. He soon converted to orthodox Islam, and decided to make his pilgrimage to Mecca. He founded the Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
- May 19, 1925: Malcolm Little was born
- 1943: Moved to New York City
- 1952: Joined the Nation of Islam. He changed his surname to X. He explained the name by saying, "The X is meant to symbolize the rejection of 'slave names' and the absence of an inherited African name to take its place. The X is also the brand that many slaves received on their upper arm."
- 1953: The FBI opened a file on Malcolm X in March 1953 after hearing that he had described himself as a Communist
- 1964: Left the Nation of Islam movement
- 1965: Malcolm X was assassinated