Dr H.C. Ir. Soekarno was the first President of the Republic of Indonesia (1945-1966).
- Proclaimed Indonesia's independence from Japanese power on 17th August 1945
- Formulated ‘Pancasila’ (‘Five Principles’) as the constitutional basis of the Republic of Indonesia. This ideology contains instructions on divinity, humanity, nationalism, democracy and prosperity
- Still fondly remembered for his persistence in promoting world peace, and fair and equal international cooperation – notably as an inspiration for the struggle against apartheid in South Africa